Tripura - Quick Facts

Area: 10,491.69 Sq. Km.

Capital: Agartala

Population: 3,671,032

Climate: Moderate but humid

Summer Max Temp: Above 350C

Winter Min Temp: Below 100C

Altitude: 12.80 mtr.

Season: October to March

Clothing: Summer- Semi cottons, Winters- Warm woolen

Rainfall: 2100 mm

Language: Bangali, Kakborak and English

Tripura is one of the seven states in the north eastern part of India located between 22 degree and 56 minutes and 24 degree and 32 minutes north latitude and between 90 degree and 09 minutes and 92 degree and 20 minutes east latitude. It is bounded on the north, west, south and south-east by Bangladesh whereas in the east it has a common boundary with Assam and Mizoram.

There is a common belief that the name of the State has originated from "Tripura Sundari" - the presiding deity of the land which is famous as one of the 51 pethos of Hindu Pilgrims. Apart from this traditional view it is believed that originally the land was known as "Tuipra" meaning a land adjoining the water. It is fact that in days of yore the boundaries of Tripura were extended up to the Bay of Bengal when its rulers held sway from Garo hills to Arakan.

The history of Tripura as a administrative unit dates back to the days of Maharajas when the territory was a alternative State. It is significant to note that all though Tripura was conquered by force of arms in 1761, no Political agents was appointed in the State till 1871 - a gap of 110 years.

By Air
The main Airport is at Agartala.

By Rail
The work for Rail line up to Agartala as a part of National Project has been completed. The project for extension of Rail Line from Agartala to Sabroom has been approved by Central Government.

By Road
The total length of roads in Tripura is 1,997 km of which major district roads constitute 90 km. Other district roads are 1,218 km and State Highway is 689 km.

Tripura has rich cultural heritage of 19 different tribal communities, Bengali and Manipuri communities. Each community has its own dance forms which are famous in the country. The main folk dances are Hozagiri dance of Reang community, Garia , Jhum, Maimita, Masak Sumani and Lebang boomani dances of Tripuri community, Bizu dance of Chakma community, Cheraw and Welcome dances of Lusai community, Hai-Hak dance of Malsum community, Wangala dance of Garo Community, Sangraiaka, Chimithang, Padisha and abhangma dances of Mog community, Garia dances of Kalai and Jamatia communities, Gajan, Dhamail, Sari and Rabindra dances of Bengali community and Basanta Rash and Pung chalam dances of Manipuri community. Each community has its own traditional musical instruments. The important musical instruments are' Khamb (Drum)', Bamboo flute, 'Lebang,', 'Sarinda', 'Do- Tara', and 'Khengrong', etc.

Long and intimate association of Poet Rabindranath Tagore with Tripura has added luster to the rich cultural heritage of the state. The state has produced the famous musicians Sachin Dev Barman and Rahul Dev Barman.

Cuisines are an important aspect of every culture. If there is no cuisine for a culture, then the whole civilization will become extinct within no time at all. Food has always been a major concern for man. It is inducted into the basic necessities of man. Everything that we do is for the filling of our stomach. Every tourist expects at least a good cuisine in the place he visits. India is a land that flabbergasts everyone who visits it as the amount of variation it exhibits. The cuisine also shows the same volume of variation. All the states have their own cuisines that are different from each other.

Excellent variety of handicrafts using bamboo and cane are made by different ethnic groups which have earned great name and fame throughout the country. From time immemorial Tripura has carved out a name for itself in the field of Handicrafts. The Gifted artisans produce wonderful objects of crafts from simple material like cane, bamboo & wood. There rare artistic skill has not been streamlined in the manufacture of exquisite household pieces. Tripura's unique topography and the gracious nature bestowed their choicest blessings on the hereditary artisans of Tripura. Here three distinct cultures viz. Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam have converged together to give shape and content to a unique tradition that found eloquent expression through immemorable work of art & crafts made out of very simple materials like cane, bamboo, clay, wood, palm leaf etc.

Basketry is an important craft of Tripure. The different types of baskets produced in the state include jamatia firewood basket, riang carrying basket, tukri, karawala tukri, laii, sempa khari, date basket, turi, grain storage basket, dulla and sudha - the traditional fish trap.

From time immemorial Tripura has carved out a name for itself in the field of Handicrafts. The Gifted artisans produce wonderful objects of crafts from simple material like cane, bamboo & wood. There rare artistic skill has not been streamlined in the manufacture of exquisite household pieces.

Tripura is land of high hills, hillocks, interspersed with rivers and valleys having moderately warm and humid climate, well distributed annual rainfall of 2500 mm. The terrain soil and climate of the State of Tripura are ideally suited for rain-fed Horticulture.

Recently declared the "Second Rubber Capital of India" by the Rubber Board, the state of Tripura has availability of good quantity of high quality rubber offers ample scope for setting up of rubber-based industries in the state. Rubber has therefore been identified as one of the thrust areas in Tripura.

Kharchi Puja
Of the many festivals current in Tripura, the one that occupies the pride of place is the worship of the fourteen deities popularly known as Kharchi Puja celebrated in July at Agartala (Puran Agartala).

Ker Puja
These are traditional tribal festivals. It is celebrated two weeks after Kharchi Puja. The guardian deity of Vastu Devata is Ker. A large piece of bamboo when bent in a particular fashion assumes the image of Ker.

Garia Puja
On the seventh day of the month of Baisakh (April) is held the Garia Puja - another important festival for the tribals of the state. The celebration starts from the last day of Chaitra. Two deities- Kalia and Garia - are worshipped. The Puja is held to propitiate the deity for blessings. The Garia is a community festival. Sacrifice of cocks is an important feature of the Puja.

Ganga Puja
After Navanna; the festival of new rice, Ganga Puja is celebrated in March-April every year. This is another remarkable tribal festival. Ganga, it may be recalled, is one of the fourteen deities of the land.

Durga Puja
This is a community festival, and has attained the status of being the greatest community festival in Bengal and Tripura. The four-day long Durga Puja is generally held in autumn (Sep-Oct) every year. The immersion of the deity takes place on the Vijaya-Dashami or the fourth day of the Puja.

Pous-Sankranti (or Makar Sankranti) mela
This mela at Tirthamukh in Amarpur sub-division attracts a large number of devotees from all parts of the state. The mela is held at the source of the Gomati river popularly known as Tirthamukh.

Ashokastami Fair
At Unakotitirtha in Kailashahar sub-division is held the Ashokastami fair in March-April every year. Thousands of pilgrims from different parts of the state assemble here to offer Puja to the numerous rock-cut images of gods and goddesses found on the walls of the Unakoti hill.

Tripura is noted for its exqisite and beautiful bamboo, cane and wooden handicrafts including cotton silk, polyester, Visitors can watch the craft persons at work and end up shopping at Purbasha and any of the Handloom and Handicrafts Sales emporium in any of the including Agartala.To buy some of Tripura's famous cane and bamboo craft pop into Purbasha, on M.B.B. Sarani Tantumita, in Agartala. For traditional handlooms check out the excellent choices available at Tripura Handicrafts on Akhaura Road.

Agartala | Deotamura | Kumarghat | Pilak | Udaipur | Unakoti.

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