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Chhattisgarh - Quick Facts

Area: 135,194 Sq. Km.

Population: 27,928,015

Capital: Raipur

Altitude: 317 meters

Climate: Tropical

Summer Temp: 30-450C

winter Temp: 0-250C

Annual Rainfall: 754.4mm

Languages: Hindi, English, Chattisgarhi

Best Time To Visit: October to March



It Covers an area of 1, 35,133 sq. Kms bordering six other states – Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand in the North. Orissa in the East. Andhra Pradesh in the South Maharashtra in the south West and Madhya Pradesh in the North West although the newly formed state came into existence on 1st of November 2000, its cultural heritage is as ancient as the Stone Age. In ancient times Chhattisgarh was known as Dakshin Koshal. Geographical evidence of the place is found in the Ramayana and the Mahabharat.

In contemporary history evidence of ancient people has been found in the Hills of Raigarh, Singhanpur, Kabra, Basnajhar, Boslada and Ongana mountains at “Chitwandongri” in Rajnandgaon district.Along with archeology, the culture of Chhattisgarh is also quite famous. The tribal kanwars, Kamar, Baiga, Halba, Korea, Pando, Birhari, and Biniwar make the atmosphere cheerful by their dance and song, on the occasion of marriage and other festivals. The rice bowl Chhattisgarh land has unique eroticism and sweetness.Innumerable monuments, finely carved temples, vihars, forts and palaces rasie in the visitors’ mind visions of dynasties and kingdoms of great warriors and builders, of poers and musicians, of saints and philosophers, of Hinduism, Budhism, Jainism, Christianity, and Islam.

A variety of tradition in each of three geographical and cultural regions of Baghelkhand plareau, the plains of Mahanadi basin and the Dandkaranya plateau of Bastar have added colour to the states rich cultural tapestry, making it a many splendoured land.


By Air
Raipur, the capital city of Chhattisgarh, is the only airport in the state. The Indian Airlines connect the city with Delhi and Nagpur by daily flights.

By Rail
Chhattisgarh is well connected with good railway network. Raipur and Bilaspur are the two major railway stations, which connect it to major cities and towns of India.

By Road
The National Highways (NH) 6, 16 and 43 connect all the major cities and towns of Chhattisgarh to other parts of the country.


Hinduism is the main religion of Chhattisgarh; the state also has sizeable populations of Muslims and Buddhists. The tribals of the state practice a mix of animist beliefs and established religions - many of the tribes converted to Christianity under the influence of early missionaries who worked in the area. Chhattisgarh has a mixed urban population with people from the neighbouring states migrating either in search of work or as tradesmen. The rural populace is predominantly tribal in its demography and the state of Chhattisgarh is home to 42 different tribes. The major tribal groups are the Gonds.

Smaller tribes include the Kanwar, Brinjhwar, Bhaina, Bhatra, Oraon, Munda, Kamar, Halba, Baiga, Sanwra, Korwa, Bharia, Nageshia, Manghwar, Kharia and Dhanwar tribes. Chhattisgarh is the common spoken language of the region - and has been an important factor in the demand for statehood, symptomatic and symbolic of a separate Chhattisgarhi identity.


Rice is the staple diet - quite logical in the area proudly called the ‘rice bowl of India’ by locals. Pulses, cereals, vegetables, fruits and meat products supplement the basic rice-based diet. The tribals have a more interesting diet - but one that appeals only to the strong-stomached non tribal.

With such delicacies as red ants, flying ants, squirrels, field rats and wild mushrooms and plants Fish and pork are hot favourites with the tribals - who even sacrifice a pig on all ceremonial occasions. The small, creamy white fruit of a local tree, the ‘mahuwa’ is fermented into a potent brew that is extremely popular across the width and breadth of Chhattisgarh.


Chhattisgarh is a storehouse of literature, performing arts and crafts - all of which derives its substance and sustenance from the day-to-day life experiences of its people. Religion, mythology, social and political events, nature and folklore are favourite motifs. Traditional crafts include painting, woodcarving, bell metal craft, bamboo ware and tribal jewellery. The tribals of Bastar were amongst the earliest to work with metal - Dhokra casting in bronze and bell metal is their particular area of expertise. They make figurines of tribal gods, votive animals, oil lamps, carts and animals. Artistes create intricately crafted hand carved wooden doors, windows, ceilings, lintels, masks and sculptures of tribal cult figures from teak, shisham, sal and other hardwoods found in the Chhattisgarh forests. Local artists now paint on cloth or paper but traditionally all painting was done on the floors and walls of homes or temples.


Festivals in Chhattisgarh have a different flavour from their counterparts elsewhere - the tribals’ celebrations are marked by plenty of drinking, singing and dancing that generates a great deal of revelry. The rhythm beats of drums and the sound of voices fills the air as all inhibitions are shedFestivals in Chhattisgarh have a different flavour from their counterparts elsewhere - the tribals’ celebrations are marked by plenty of drinking, singing and dancing that generates a great deal of revelry. The rhythm beats of drums and the sound of voices fills the air as all inhibitions are shed.

Cockfights, shooting contests, folk theatre and Pandavi performances are regular features on festival days. Bhagoria Haat is celebrated just before Holi in the month of March, the tribes of the Jhabua and Nimar districts celebrate what is essentially a marriage mart - one where the young people of the tribe pick their partners and then elope (bhag or run) before being recognised as couples by their tribal society! Dussehra festivities in Bastar are very special - and are a perfect coming together of traditional religious beliefs with tribal rituals.


Shopping options abound in Chhattisgarh with its myriad handicrafts and textiles. Local craftsmen produce a mind-boggling variety of handcrafted items using natural materials like wood, bamboo, bone, horn, stone, feathers as well as bell metal, gold, silver and paper. Hand woven fabric, Pithora, paintings, Dokra metal animals and figurines, carved woodwork, coloured beads and chunky jewellery are some special things available for visitors to buy.


Raipur | Durg-Bhilai | Bilaspur | Rajnandgaon | Korba | Raigarh | Jagdalpur.

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