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Raipur - Quick Facts

Area: 226 Sq. Km.
Population: 11,43,289
Altitude: 317 meters
Best Time To Visit: October to March
Languages: Hindi, English & Chhattisgarhi

Raipur district is important in historical and archeological point of view. This district was once part of Southern Kosal and considered to be under Mourya Kingdom. Raipur city had been the capital of the Haihaya Kings, controlling the traditional forts of the Chhattisgarh for a long time. The town of Raipur has been in existence since the 9th century, the old site and ruins of the fort can be seen in the southern part of the city. Satawahana Kings ruled this part till the 2nd-3rd century AD.

In the 4th Century AD the king Samudragupta had conquered this region and established his domination till Fifth-Sixth Century AD when this part had come under the rule of Sarabhpuri Kings. For some period in Fifth-Sixth Century A.D., Nala kings dominated this area. Later on Somavanshi kings had taken the control over this region and ruled with Sirpur (Sripur-The city of Wealth) as their capital city. Mahashivgupt Balarjun was the mightiest emperor of this Dynasty. His mother, the widow Queen of Harshgupta of the Somavansh, Rani Vasata built the famous brick temple of Lakshman. The Kalchuri Kings of Tumman ruled this part for a long time making Ratanpur as capital. The old inscriptions of Ratanpur, Rajim and Khallari refer to the reign of kalchuri kings. It is believed that the King Ramachandra of this dynasty established the city of Raipur and subsequently made it the capital of his kingdom. Raipur was founded by the Kalchuri King Ram Chandra of Raipur last quarter of the 14th century AD. Now, Raipur is the Headquarters of the District and Division of the same name centrally located in the newly formed State Chhattisgarh. Raipur is the biggest city of the Region and a fast developing important industrial centre. The establishment of Chili Steel Plant in the country has given added momentum to the pace of development of the city.

By Air

Raipur airport connected for Delhi, Bhopal and Jabalpur. By regular flight.

By Rail
Raipur railway station situated between Mumbai-Nagpur-Calcutta rail routes.

By Road

Raipur situate on NH-6 Bhilai 25 km, Durg 41 km, Jagdalpur 297 km, Rajnandgaon 70 km, Bilaspur 115 km, Jabalpur 369 km and Bhopal 712 km.

The village is identified with Champaranya, the birth place of the Saint Vallabhacharya, the reformer and founder of the Vallabh Sect for whom this place has religious sanctity. A temple was constructed in honour of Guru Swamy Vallabhacharya. Near to this Temple, there is the temple of Champakeshwara Mahadeva.


Sirpur or Shripur the city of wealth has been mentioned in ancient epigraphic records and dates back to a periods ranging from between the Fifth and the Eighth century A.D. It was then the capital of the Sarbhapuriya and Somvanshi Kings of Dakshin Kosala or Chhattigarh. It was an important centre of Buddhist from the 6th the 10th century A.D. and was visited by Hieun Tsang, the 7th Century Chinese Pilgrimist and Scholar. Excavations in and around the village have yielded scores of temple sites constructed of bricks, stone pillars and sculptures such as the Shiva Temple of Panchayatan style and the beautiful sculpture of Mahishasuramardini.Two Buddhist monasteries have also been found.

Lakshmana Temple

The Lakshmana Temple found here is a brick temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The temple is the only brick temple of its size still standing in this State. The door frame is of stone and a figure of the reclining Vishnu on the Sheshnag may be found on the Lintel. This temple was built by Vasata, the widow queen of Harsh Gupta of the Somvansh. Another temple is the GANDHESHESHWARA TEMPLE (formerly Gandharveshvara) and is interesting because of the Epigraphic records and Genealogy of the Kings of the Somvansh. Some extremely good Vaishnav sculptures are to be found in the Mandapa and several Jain, Buddhist and Hindu Sculptures have been collected in the precincts of the temple.


The Forest village. Turturiya Situated on the bank of a spring called Turturiya or Sursuri Ganga contains numerous Buddhist remains of 8th Century A.D. and the Brahmanical remains of later period. The site yielded numerous exquisitely sculptured pillars, remains of STUPA made of fine bricks, traces of bathing Ghats, Lingams figures of four armed Vishnu, Ganesha, a man hunting a lion with sword and a man wrestling with an animal. There are numerous heaps of ruins all of bricks, picked with stone. The place is of a great archaeological and anthropological interest.


Situated on the left bank of the river Mahanadi was one of the important urban centres in the Mahakoshal region. It is famous for its fine group of temples. The main temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu known as Rajivalochana Temple. The twelve pillars of the temple have tall single figures sculptured on the face like Durga with eight arms, the Ganga and Yamuna and exquisitely carved incarnation of Vishnu, Rama, Varaha (boar) and Narasimha (Man-cum-Lion) etc.

There is also a black stone statue of the Budha meditating under the Bodhi tree. There are other temples around the main temple of Rajivalochana dedicated to different incarnations of lord Vishnu such as Vamana (dwart) Narasimha (Man-cum-Lion) Badrinath and Jagannath. Of the ruins of numerous temples found nearby the most remarkable is that of Kuleshvara Mahadeva Temple. The tongue of the land on which the temple stands became severed from the main land by the river and is now actually on an island. Three inscriptions belonging to Somavanashis, Nalas and Kalchuris are found here.

The famous Mahishasur Mardini temple is situated here. The idol of Mahishasur Mardini having 12 hands is installed in the sanctum sanctorum. Shankar cave is situated 3 kms away from the temple. The cave which is like a tunnel is 25 ft. long. One can go inside the cave only by creeping since it is very short in diameter.
The hillocks of Chaiturgarh are famous for its natural beauty and the adventures experiences it offers. Many types of wild animals and birds are found here. The SECL constructed a rest house for visitors here. The temple trust also made some rooms for the tourists. Special Pujas are held during the Nawaratri.


Kanki is a village situated on the banks of Hasdeo River near Urga, which is at 20 KM from Korba. Kanki is at a distance of 12 kms from Urga. This religious place famous in the name of Kankeshwar or Chakreshwar Mahadev temple It is believed that the temple at Kanki was built near AD 1857 by the Zamindars of Korba. The temple is adorned with number of beautiful images made in stones. There is number of idols of God Shiva Parvati etc. Besides this, there is another ancient temple of goddess Durga.


Devapahari is situated 58 KM. North East from Korba on the bank of Chornai river. This river made one lovely water fall named Govind Kunj in Devapahari.


Kosagaigarh is a village situated 25 kms off Korba-Katghora Road on the hillocks of Putka Pahad. This was built by Raja. Natural walls protect it and so only at some parts the builders felt the need of constructing walls. From this place, which is situated 1570 feet from the sea level, a big part of Korba district is visible. At the main entry point of the fort there is a tunnel like passage, where there is space for only one person can walk. During war the soldiers of the king used to prevent the enemy by rolling down big stones from the fort.


Kendai is a village situated at a distance 85 km from korba district headquarter on the Bilaspur-Ambikapur State highway No. 5. This is one of the beautiful picnic spot in the district. There is one lovely waterfall having 75 feet height.


Madwaarani Mandir is situated on the Korba-Champa Road at a distance 22 KM from district headquarter. There is a temple of Goddess Madwaarani at the top of the hill. The legend behind this temple is that at the season of Nawaratri, jowar was growing under Kalmi trees near the temple. During the Nawaratri season of each year there is fair celebrated by the local people.

Kudurmal is a small village situated around 15km away from Korba district headquarters. The historical importance is that there is a Samadhi of one of the disciple of Saint Kabir's, which is about 500 years old. There has a temple named Sankatmochan Hanuman Mandir, which was built by Mahatma Kevlal Patel, who was a prominent Saint. An idol of Hanuman has been installed in the centre of the temple. The surroundings of the temple have small other temples of Kali, Durga, Ram, Sita, Kabir etc. There is a fair on Magh Purnima in every year.

Raipur will present you with the option of buying either decorative or utility items. Showpieces and items crafted out of wood and bamboo make for exceptional buys provided you are good at bargaining. The exquisite bell metal and wrought iron items will give another reason to indulge in a shopping spree. You can also look out for terracotta products and stone sculptures. Well if this does not interest you, then go for some quality cotton fabrics at reasonable rates.

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