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Nainital - Quick Facts

Area: 11.74 sq. Km.
Population: 41,377
Altitude: 6,360 ft. above sea level
Rainfall: 110 cm or 44 inches
Clothing: Summer- Light woolens, Winter- Heavy woolens
Best time to visit: March to June & Dec. to Jan.
Language: Hindi, Kumauni

"NAINITAL" was founded in the year 1841 by Mr. P. Barron, a European merchant and an enthusiastic hunter from Rosa, near Shahjahanpur. Mr.P.Barron was the first European who took great fancy to this land. Moved by the beauty of the sparkling lake he wrote: "It is by far the best site I have witnessed in the course of a 1,500 miles treak in the Himalayas."In due course it became the summer capital of then United Province dotted with lakes; Nainital has earned the epither of ' The Lake District of India’ It is very less is known about the history of Nainital. This region was called "Khasdesh" in ancient times and "Khasis" ruled this region before Christ was born.Once the Nainital area had many lakes and it was called the City of 60 lakes or 'Chakta' The Nainital Lake finds mention in the Manas Khand (chapter) of the Skanda Purana (scriptures) as the Tririshi Sarovar, i.e., the lake of the three sages (or rishis). Atri, Pulastya and Pulaha. Legend has it that in the course of their pilgrimage the three sages arrived here, only to find the place without water. Meditating on the sacred and bountiful sanctum lake of Tibet namely Manasarovar Lake, they dug a hole here. So great was the power of their tapasya (meditation) that the hole soon filled with water.

According to a legend King Daksha held a great 'Yajna' but did not invite Parvati and her consort Shiva. Parvati could not bear this direct insult, in her great fury Parvati gate-crashed into the 'Yajna' ground and leaped into the high flames of 'Yajna' fire to end her life and later Lord Shiva retrieved her half-charred corpse himself. His Chakra and cut the Sati’s body into fifty one pieces to save the earth from Shiva’s wrath. All the fifty one places - where parts of Sati's body fell, became known as Shakti Peeths. It is said that the shimmering green waters of the Naini Lake is a reflection of the emerald green eye of Sati. The majority of the local people believe that the eyes of Sati dropped in the lake while her body was being carried by Lord Shiva to Kailesh Parvat. Hence, the lake was given the name of 'Nainital' or Naini Lake. Later the spot became famous by this very name.

By Air
The hill resort of Nainital is easily accessible. The Airport at Pant Nagar is 71 km away from Nainital. Flights link Pant Nagar with other places like Delhi. From Pant Nagar you may reach Nainital through bus or taxi.

By Rail
The Kathgodam Railway Station is 35 km from Nainital. It connects Nainital with Delhi, Agra, Bareilly, and Lucknow. From the station you may reach Nainital through bus or taxi.

By Road
The excellent road network links Nainital with Delhi, Bareilly, Almora, and Ranikhet. The bus stand of Tallital is just one km from the city center of Nainital. Some of the major road distances are-Almora-62 km, Kausani-117km, Ranikhet-60 km, Agra-379 km, Delhi-277 km, Lucknow-404 km, Corbett (Dhikala)-128 km, Bareilly-141 km.

Snow View
Situated at 2270 mtrs this popular vantage is accessible by ropeway. It offers an excellent View of the northern Himalayan ranges.

Naina Peak
At 2611 mtrs. This is the peak bordering the lake. A popular picnic spot which offers a panoramic view of the resort.

Dorothy’s Seat
Named in memory of an Englishwoman who was killed in an aircrash, this pleast spot offers a partial view of the resort.

Land’s End
Situated at 2118 mtrs on the southern borber of the lake, this hill affords a view of another lake, khurpa Tal.

Hanuman Garghi
A place of religious interest, also good forviewing the setting sun.

State Observatory
Located on the top of a ridge, the observatory is open to the public in the evening.

The Mall
Nainital’s popular promenade offers a variety of entertainment.

10 km. Accessible by road. It is part of a forest reserve and rich in flora and Bird life.

Khurpa Tal
10 km. A small lake along Nainital- Kaladhungi-Ramngar road, popular with Pickers and anglers.

11 km. A popular health resort on the Almora road.

18 km.A noted bee- keeping centre.

Sat Tal
21 km. One of the most Pictureque resorts in kumoan, it has seven interconnected Lakes.

22 km. Fast Developing into an Independent Turist centre, this lake resort offers a quiet vacation and facilities for watersports. KMVN has a popular haunt for anglers and naturalists.

Naukuchiya Tal
26 km. A nine cornered lake situated in an enchanting valley this is a popular haunt of anglers and naturalists.

26 km. A nine-cornered lake situated in an enchanting valley, this is popular haunt of anglers and naturalists.


35 km. Situated in the terai, and sourrounded by thick forests of Sal, this was the winter home of the noted hunter and naturalist, Jim Corbett. His house has been turned into a museum.

 51 km. Set atop a high ridge, Mukteshwar is one of Kumaon,s beautiful resorts. It abounds in fruit orchards and dense coniferous forests. It also offers a fine view of the majestic Himalayas, as well as of Almora. The famous Indian Veterinary Research Institute is located in Mukteshwar.

Nainital is an unique shopping destination with its pedestrian areas, independent shops, 7 day open-air market and spacious modern shops. Range, quality and that element of surprise are all part of the Nainital shopping experience. Dozens of independent shops bring an extra dimension to any trip.The Mall Road is the shopping hub in the town of Nainital. Here you will find various shops and stores for your marketing are famous for:-

•        Handicrafts
•        Wooden crafts, cane sticks
•        Shawls
•        Pullovers
•        Woollen caps
•        Local juice, jams and squashes
•        Decorative pieces made from wood
•        Decorative colourful candles are one thing every traveller to the Nainital takes back with himself.

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