Mizoram – storehouse of natural beauty & endless variety of landscape

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Mizoram - Quick Facts

Area: 21,087 Sq. Km

Population: 1,091,014

Altitude: 1132 meters

Capital: Aizwal

Summer Temp: 200C-320C

Winter Temp: 100C-200C

Languages: Mizo, English

Rainfall: 250 cm

Religion: christianity

Best Time To Visit: Sep-April

The origin of the Mizos, like those of many other tribes in the North Eastern India is shrouded in mystery. The generally accepted as part of a great Mongoloid wave of migration from China and later moved out to India to their present habitat. It is possible that the Mizos came from Shinlung or Chhinlungsan located on the banks of the river Yalung in China. They first settled in the Shan State and moved on to Kabaw Valley to Khampat and then to the Chin Hills in the middle of the 16th century. The earliest Mizos who migrated to India were known as Kukis, the second batch of immigrants was called New Kukis. The Lushais were the last of the Mizo tribes migrate to India. The Mizo history in the 18th and 19th Century is marked by many instances of tribal raids and retaliatory expeditions of security. Mizo Hills were formally declared as part of the British-India by a proclamation in 1895. North and south hills were united into Lushai Hills district in 1898 with Aizawl as its headquarters.

The process of the consolidated of the British administration in tribal dominated area in Assam stated in 1919 when Lushai Hills along with some other hill districts was declared a Backward Tract under government of India Act. The tribal districts of Assam including Lushai Hills were declared Excluded Area in 1935.It was during the British regime that a political awakening among the Mizos in Lushai Hills started taking shape the first political party, the Mizo Common People's Union was formed on 9th April 1946. The Party was later renamed as Mizo Union. As the day of Independence drew nearer, the Constituent Assembly of India set up and Advisory Committee to deal with matters relating to the minorities and the tribals a sub-Committee, under the chairmanship of Gopinath Bordoloi was formed to advise the Constituent Assembly on the tribal affairs in the North East. The Mizo Union submitted a resolution of this Sub-committee demanding inclusion of all Mizo inhabited areas adjacent to Lushai Hills. However, a new party called the United Mizo Freedom (UMFO) came up to demand that Lushai Hills join Burma after Independence.

Following the Bordoloi Sub-Committee's suggestion, a certain amount of autonomy was accepted by the Government and enshrined in the Six Schedule of the constitution. The Lushai Hills Autonomous District Council came into being in 1952 followed by the formation of these bodies led to the abolition of chieftanship in the Mizo society.

By Air
Aizawl, the capital town of the State is air linked by Alliance Air Service every day. Nearest airport -Lengpui, Aizawl. Aizawl is connected to Kolkata, (1 hr 45 min), Guwahati (40 min) and Imphal (30 min).

By Rail 
Train link to the State has been established at Bairabi, a few kilometers away from Kolasib Nearest railhead Silchar in Assam (184 km away).

By Road
NH-54 connects Aizawl with the rest of the country through Silchar. Buses and taxis are available from Silchar to Aizawl (6-8 hrs). Night services are also available. Aizawl is also accessible by road from Shillong and Guwahati.

Perching on the high hills of North Eastern corner, Mizoram is a storehouse of natural beauty with its endless variety of landscape, hilly terrains, meandering streams deep gorges, rich wealth of flora and fauna. Flanked by Bangladesh on the west and Myanmar on the east and south, Mizoram occupies an importance strategic position having a long international boundary of 722 Kms.

World-renowed for their hospitality, Mizos is a close-knit society with no class distinction and no discrimination on grounds of sex. The entire society is knitted together by a peculiar code of ethics 'Tlawmngaihna' an untranslatable term meaning on the part of everyone to be hospitable kind, unselfish and helpful to others. The fabric of social life in the Mizo society has undergone tremendous changes over years. Before the British moved into the hills, for all practical purposes the village and the clan formed units of Mizo society. The Mizo code of ethics or Dharma moved around ‘Tlawmngaihna”, an untranslatable term meaning on the part of everyone to be hospitable, kind, unselfish and helpful to others. Tlawmngaihna to Mizo stands for the compelling moral force which finds expression in self-sacrifice for the service of the others.

The Mizos are fond of non-vegetarian food like meat. Rice is the staple food and is served with pork meat. The Mizos do not prefer to take spicy foods. The locally made wine is enjoyed by both men and women. "Zu" (tea) is a popular drink. Both men and women are fond of smoking.

Mizoram has rich and colourful range of handlooms. However, of all these 'Puan' occupies a place of pride in a Mizo lady's wardrobe. A Mizo lady is more fond of her "Puan" than any of her other dresses as the Puan consists of a colorful and breathtaking display of intricate designs. Mizoram has the tradition of making wide varieties of art and craft products. The handloom occupies the top priority among mizos. A Mizo lady is fond of her "Puan" than any of her other dresses as the Puan consists of a colorful and breathtaking display of intricate designs. Among bamboo products the water-proof Mizo hat (Khumbeu) is of great demand and is widely accepted by visitors.

'Puanchei', this is one of the most beautiful dresses worn by the Mizo girls. This is worn on occasions such as weddings and festivals such as 'Chapchar Kut' and 'Pawl Kut'. In earlier times, these were all hand woven but nowadays these are mostly machine made. They are made from cotton and the colors are made by a thing called 'Ting'. Along with this, a blouse which is of the same pattern is usually worn.

Ngotekherh is worn in all festivals such as 'Chapchar Kut', 'Mim Kut' and 'Pawl Kut'. The colours used in this cloth are black and white. These are also hand - woven and are made of cotton. The black portion of the handloom is made from some kind of an artificial fur. Puandum is one of the most important handlooms of the Mizos. These are made from cotton and are handmade. This traditional hand-woven cloth called 'Puandum' is also wrapped over the shoulders while performing 'Khuallam', one of the famous traditional dances of the Mizos.
•        Hnika
•        Hmaram
•        Kawrchei.

Mizos practice what is known as ‘Jhum Cultivation’. They slash down the jungle, burn the trunks and leaves and cultivate the land. All their other activities revolve around the jhum operations and their festivals are all connected with such agriculture operations.

Mim Kut
Mim Kut which takes place in August-September in the wake of harvesting of the maize crop, is celebrated with great gaiety and merriment expressed through singing, dancing, feasting and drinking of home made rice beer zu. Dedicated to the memory of their dead relatives, the festival is underlined by a spirit of thanksgiving and remembrance of the year’s first harvest is placed as an offering on a raised platform built to the memory of the dead.

Pawl Kut
Pawl Kut is Harvest Festival – celebrated during December to January. Again, a mood of thanksgiving is evident, because the difficult task of titling and harvesting is over. Community feasts are organised and dances are performed. Mothers with their children sit on memorial platform and feed one another. This custom, which is also performed during Chapchar Kut, is known as 'Chawnghnawt'. Drinking of zu is also part of the festival. The two-day is followed by a day of complete rest when no one goes out to work.

Chapchar Kut
Of all the Kuts of the Mizo, Chapchar Kut has emerged as the most popular and enjoyable, owing perhaps to the humorous stories of its origin and the favourable time when the festival is observed-Spring!

Like the entire northeastern region of India, Mizoram has also a rich tradition of handicrafts, which make for wonderful shopping in Mizoram. The handicrafts of Mizoram have a distinct identity, which is hard to conceptualize unless you see them. And seeing would definitely lead you to shopping in Mizoram. The Mizos are great weavers. The tradition is deeply rooted in their tribal consciousness. They prefer to stick to a certain pattern of designs and motifs, which has become a part of their heritage.

Along with that, Mizoram boasts of plenty of bamboo productions. Naturally the Mizo artisans are traditionally skilled in making fantastic items made of bamboo, such as: baskets, utensils, hats, flower vases and furniture. Be it an objet d'art or a utility article, shopping in Mizoram must include an item or two made of Bamboo.

Aizwal | Lawngtlai | Lunglei | Champai | Kolasib.

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