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Assam - Quick Facts

Area: 78,438km2

Altitude: 108m

Population: 31,205,576

Summer Max.Temperature: 35-380

Winter Min. Temperature: 6-80C

Desirable Clothes: Woolen for winters and light cotton for summers

Rainfall: 714 mm

Flora: More than 500 species of Flora

Fauna: Most famous Kaziranga National Park & Manas Wildlife Sanctury

Monsoon: July to mid-September

Season: Extreme climate with very hot summer and very cold winter

Best Time to Visit: October to April

Languages: Assamese, Bodo,Bengali,hindi

Festivals: Bihu,Bwisagu,Domahi

This used to largest kingdom in the North East region of India. The name Assam is probably from name of the Id Ruling Dynasty of Ahom. After the independence this state has give birth to several new states and so the entire regions called The Seven Sister- Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Tripura.

Assam can be predominately dived into two important regions- The Brahmaputra valley and break valley. A land traversed with hills, Valleys and plains the place in northeastern is heart of vibrant cultures of the northeastern region. This region is a part of the highest rainfall area of the world. The uneven land of undoubting green hills Assam is blessed with rare scenic beauties. The dense forest has the most exotic wild life of the country. Kaziranga on the banks of Might Brahmaputra River is the most famous wild life sanctuary where the rare verity of one horned Indian Rhinos can be seen. Like the Darjeeling Assam is also famous for Tea.

By Air
Guwahati is connected with major cities of India like: Kolkata (Calcutta), Delhi, Bagdogra, Imphal, Chennai, Bangalore, Mumbai, Lucknow, & Dibrugarh.
By Rail

Guwahati is the headquarters of Northeast Frointer Railway ans is linked to all parts of the country through express trains.

By Road

Guwahati is the junction of national highways 31, 37, 40 & 52. Agaratala 597km, Aizawal 480 km, Bomdila 342 km, Cooch Behar 375km, Dibrugarh 443 km, Dimapur 364 km, Imphal 583 km, Kohima 438 km, Sibsagar 365 km, Shillong 100 km, Silchar 340 km, Siliguri 550 km, Tinsukai 491 km, Tezpur 198 km, Tura 191 km.

Assam is the meeting ground of diverse cultures. The people of the enchanting state of Assam are an intermixture of various racial stocks such as Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan. The Assamese culture is a rich and exotic tapestry of all these races evolved through a long assimilative process. The alternatives of the state of Assam are known as "Asomiya" (Assamese), which is also the state language of Assam.The state has a large number of tribes, each unique in it's tradition, culture, dresse and exotic way of life. Diverse tribes like Bodo, Kachari, Karbi, Miri, Mishimi, Rabha, etc co-exist in Assam, most tribes have their own languages though Assamese is the principal language of the state.

A majority of the Assamese is the Vaishnavas (a sect of Hinduism). The Vaishnavas do not believe in idol worshiping and perform Namkirtana where the glory of Lord Vishnu is recited. The two important cultural and religious institutions that influence the cultural fabric of Assam: the Satras, the site of religious and cultural practice which have been in existence for over 400 years and and the Naamghar, the house of prayers.Villagers generally associate on the basis of membership of a local center of devotional worship called "Naamghar". Villages are usually made up of families from a number of distinct castes. In Assam, the caste system, although it exists, is not as prominent as in other parts of India.Other religions such as Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam etc. are also practiced in Assam. The national festival of Assam is the Bihu which is celebrated in three parts during a year with great pomp and grandeur by all Assamese, irrespective of caste, creed or religion.

Assamese cuisine is the cuisine of Assam, a state in North-East India. It is a mixture of different indigenous styles with considerable regional variations and some external influences. It is characterized by very little use of spices but strong flavors due mainly to the use of endemic exotic herbs, fruits and vegetables that are fresh, dried or fermented. Fish is widely used, and birds like duck, pigeon etc. are very popular. Preparations are rarely elaborate—the practice of Bhuna, the gentle frying of spices before the addition of the main ingredients so common in Indian cooking, is absent in the cuisine of Assam.A traditional meal in Assam begins with a khar, a class of dishes named after the main ingredient, and ends with a tenga, a sour dish. These two dishes characterize a traditional meal in Assam. The food is usually served in bell metal utensils made by an indigenous community called Mariya. Tamul (betel nut, generally raw) and paan generally concludes the meal.

The people of Assam have traditionally been craftsmen from time immemorial. Though Assam is mostly known for its exquisite silks and the bamboo and cane products, several other crafts are also made here.
Cane and Bamboo: Cane and bamboo have remained inseparable parts of life in Assam. They happen to be the two most commonly-used items in daily life, ranging from household implements to construction of dwelling houses to weaving accessories to musical instruments.

Metal Crafts: Bell-metal and brass have been the most commonly used metals for the Assamese artisan. Traditional utensils and fancy articles designed by these artisans are found in every Assamese household. The Xorai and bota have in use for centuries, to offer betel-nut and paan while welcoming distinguished guests.
Handlooms: Assam is the home of several types of silks, the most prominent and prestigious being muga, the golden silk exclusive only to this state. Muga apart, there is paat, as also eri, the latter being used in manufacture of warm clothes for winter.Of a naturally rich golden colour, muga is the finest of India's wild silks. It is produced only in Assam.
Toys: The toys of Assam have been broadly classified clay toys, pith, wooden and bamboo toys, and cloth and cloth-and-mud toys. While the human figure, especially dolls, brides and grooms, is the most common theme of all kinds of toys, a variety of animals forms have also dominated the clay-toys scene of Assam.

Pottery: Pottery is probably as old as human civilization itself. in Assam, pottery can be traced back to many centuries.The Kumars and Hiras are two traditional potter communities of Assam and while the Kumars use the wheel to produce his pots, the Hiras are probably the only potters in the world who do not use the wheel at all.

Woodcraft: Assam has always remained one of the most forest-covered states of the country, and the variety of wood and timber available here have formed a part of the people's culture and economy. An Assamese can identify the timber by touching it even in darkness, and can produce a series of items from it.
Masks: With tribal art and folk elements form the base of Assamese culture, masks have found an important place in the cultural activities of the people. Masks have been widely used in folk theatres and bhaonas with the materials ranging from terracotta to pith to metal, bamboo and wood.

Jewellery: Gold has always constituted the most-used metal for jewellery in Assam, while the use of silver and other metals too have been there for centuries. Gold was locally available, flowing down several Himalayan rivers, of which Subansiri is the most important.

Assam is a land of fairs and festivals. Most of the festivals celebrated in Assam characterize the spirit of accommodation and togetherness in the diverse faith and belief of her inhabitants. This perfect fusion of heritage of her numerous races has made Assam the home of the most colorful festivals reflecting the true spirit, tradition and lifestlye of the people of Assam. The major festivals celebrated in Assam are Bihu, Baishagu, Ali-Ai-Ligang, Baikho, Rongker, Rajini Gabra Harni Gabra, Bohaggiyo Bishu, Ambubashi Mela and Jonbill Mela and so on.

The people of Assam also celebrate Holi, Durga Puja, Diwali, Swaraswati Puja, Lakshmi Puja, Kali Puja, Idd, Muharram, Me-Dam-Me-Phi, the birth and death anniversaries of Vaishnava Saints Srimanta Sankardev and Madhabdev. The tribals of Assam have their own colourful festivals like the Kherai Puja of the Bodos, the Baikhu and Pharkantis of the Rabhas, Ali-ai-ligang and Parag of the Mishing tribe, the Sagra-misawa wansawa and laghun of the Tiwas.

Since the state is traditionally rich in handicrafts, shopping in Assam is a delightful experience. Wide range of handicrafts is available in Assam. Assam also excels in tradition handloom products. Assam is well known producer of exclusive silks.

•        Hand made toys made from clay, cork (pith), wood and bamboo and an admixture of cloth and mud
•        Silk fabric of various types like - Muga (the golden silk exclusive only to this state), Paat, Eri
•        Handloom products like Laichampi (quilt-like material)
•        Cane and bamboo work
•        Decorative items in bell metal and brass
•        Furniture made of bamboo and cane
•        Tribal arts, including masks bhaonas
•        Products of bell metal
•        Assam Tea

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