Alwar nestles between small hills, forbidding fort, lakes & valleys

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Alwar - Quick Facts

Area: 44.76 sq. km.
Population: 315,310
Clothing: Summer- Light tropical, Winter- Woolens
Season: Oct to March
Language: Rajasthani, Hindi & English

Alwar, amongst the Rajput principalities was closest to imperial Delhi, influencing the people and history of the region, formerly known as Mewat. The people of Alwar developed a hardy, but carefree attitude to life. They did not submit to alien rule, and often rebelled.

They were daring adventurers and marauders in the 12th and 13th centuries they banded together and raided Delhi at night. The western gates of the capital had to be barred every evening against their coming. Sultan Balban (1267-1287) finally crushed their disorganized resistance and as a result they came under Muslim rule. In 1771 AD, Maharaja Pratap Singh, a Kuchhwaha Rajput belonging to the same clan as the one that ruled Jaipur, won back Alwar and founded a principality of his own.

Alwar lies equidistant from Delhi and Jaipur. The Aravallis break up in a beautiful little valley with small hills and rocky crags before trailing of in the final spine that runs left up to and through Delhi. Known there as the ridge. The city nestles between several small hills, on the most prominent of which stands a dramatically forbidding fort, lakes and valleys thickly wooded in parts, have made this area the haunt of animals and birds.

Rich wildlife, Alwar has one of the finest sanctuaries in Rajasthan.

By Air
Nearest airport is Jaipur (148 km) and Delhi (150 km).

By Rail
Well connected by Rail from Delhi and other parts of Rajasthan.

By Road
Regular bus services to and from Jaipur, Agar, Delhi, Sariska, Bharatpur and other cities of Rajasthan are available. Alwar lies on Delhi-Jaipur-Ahmedabad route.

•        Agra - 166 Km.
•        Deeg - 76 Km.
•        Delhi - 170 Km.
•        Bharatpur - 116 Km.
•        Jaipur - 160 Km.

Bala Quila (Alwar fort)
This fort is a witness to many historical events. Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, spent a few days here and when he left he took away the hidden treasurers for his son Humayun. Akbar’s son, Salim, later emperor Jahangir, lived here in exile for some time. The place where the stayed is called Salim Mahal now in ruins. It was finally conquered by Maharaja Pratap Singh in 1775 AD. The fort is 595 meters above the city and expends about 5 km from north to south and 1.6 km from east to west. It has 15 large and 51 small towers containing 446 openings for musketry. And eight large towers all around defend it.

There are several gates namely Jai Pol, Suraj Pol, Laxman Pol Chand Pol and Andheri Gate. Though most of the structures are now in a sad state, their historical significance is still important. There are the remains of Jai Mahal, nilkumbh Mahal Salim Sagar, Suraj Kund and many temples. The view of the city below, from the watch towers of the battlements, is breathtaking.

City Place or Vinay Vilas Mahal
Today it is more popularly known of the Vinay Vilas Mahal. The architecture of the palace is very traditional. Constructed in late 18th century it has traces of both Rajput and Mughal styles of architecture. The ground floor areas have now been converted into Government offices and district courts. The palace museum is in one upper apartment of the palace.

Government Museum
The museum probably has the richest collection of Mughal and Rajput paintings of the 18th and 19th centuries. There are some rare and precious ancient manuscripts in Persian, Arabic, Urdu and Sanskrit. Notable amongst these are ‘Gulistan’ (the garden of roses), ‘Waqiat-i-Baburi’ (autobiography of the Mughal Emperor Babur) and ‘Boston’ (the garden of spring). It also has a copy of the Mahabharata painted by the artists of the Alwar School. Another special collection hare is the collection of Indian armoury-rare diverse and amazing. Behind the city palace are located other monuments worth a visit. There are a few temples on the bank of ‘Sagar’ the artificial lake built by Maharaja Vinay Singh in 1815 AD. A beautiful chhatri, unique in its style of the unusual Bengali root and arches, also known as the Moosi Maharani Ki Chhatri is situated in this area.

Purjan Vihar (Company Garden)
Originally known as Company Bagh later it was changed to Purjan Vihar by Maharaja Jai Singh. The garden was laid out during the reign of Maharaja Shiv Dan Singh in 1868 AD. It has on enchanting setting known as ‘Simla in 1885 AD. The cool shades and lush greenery of this well laid garden never let the heat of summer step in.

Moosi Maharani Ki Chhatri
This is an impressive cenotaph (Chhatri) on the banks of Sagar, a beautiful lake. The cenotaph reflects the Indo-Islamic style of architecture. The upper portion, which is in marble and has columned pavilions and domed arches with exquisite floral tracery, rests on the pillared red sandstone lower story. Mythological and court scenes in fading gold-leaf pa inting and sculptures adorn the ceiling. The memorial is rated as one of the finest in its class.

Vijay Mandir Palace
10km away, the royal residence, built by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1918 AD overlooks a scenic rippling lake. A splendid temple of Sita Ram is visited by devotees especially on the occasion of Ram Navami. Prior permission from the Secretary is required to visit the palace. Siliserh Lake and Palace Hotel: It offers bewitching scenery. The twinkling ripples covering 10.5 sq km is surrounded by thick wooded hills with beautiful Chhatris on the embankment. Cradled in the hills and overlooking the lake is a magnificent royal Hunting Lodge/Place. It was built by Maharaja Vinay Singh for this queen shilla in 1845 AD. Now it has been converted as Hotel Lake Palace, a delightful spot for filmmakers and water sports enthusiast.

Jai Samand Lake
It is accessible by road as it is 6km from Alwar. It is a large artificial lake constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1910. It makes an excellent picnic spot during the rainy season with beautiful lush greenery all around.

Sariska National Park
It is 37 km away; nestling in a picturesque valley of the Aravallis a forest comes to life. It pulses a beat of its own. The nature’s rhythm reveals wildlife in its own natural habitat. This sanctuary established in 1955 AD, offers an exceptional opportunity to see a variety of animals at a close range. There are tiger, Nilgai, Sambhar, cheetal, four homed antelope and wild boar. The thick forests here are the dry deciduous type and cover an area of 480 sq km. There is a spectacular palace here built by Maharaja Jai Singh in honor of the Duke of Edinburgh where he visited the sanctuary recently converted into hotel.

Is unrestricted area a diversion of 10 kms from kushalgarh on Sariska- Alwar road takes one to this enchanting site where pilgrims bathe in hot sulphur springs langurs (apes) stroll about and the bells of the scattered temples tinkle all day long. It was the place of penance for Mandav Rishi.

Is unrestricted area is 6 kms. This is a throbbing pilgrimage centre which revolves around the legend of King Bharathari who spent the closing years of his life in this ancient place amidst hills.

An 8 km drive from Tehla village is very well compensated by an enchanting view of the ruins of several fabulously carved temples which stand studded on a small hillock, surrounded on all sides by wooded hills. It is believed they date back as early as the 6th to 9th centuries. Particularly remarkable is the highly venerated Shiva temple, where people worship even today. It houses the single stone giant statue of the 23rd Jain Tirthankara, Santi Nath, locally known as Nogaza.

Is access through park is 20 kms. The metalled road commencing from the Sanctuary gate ends at this temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman. Here, is also the delightful Pandupol or Pandu gate where a cascading spring emerges from hard and compact rocks. Legend has it that the Pandava brothers took refuge here during their exile.

Shopping thrives in Rajasthan near the Sariska Tiger Reserve, India. The various items worth buying are Jewellery, Paintings, Miniature Art, Phads and Pichwais, Folk Painting, Leatherwear, Stone Carving, Metal Craft, Textile, Blue Pottery, Terracota, Dhurries, Carpets and Wooden Artifacts. Some of the most elegant and luring handcrafted jewellery are available in Rajasthan. This state id renowned as being one of the world's biggest centers for hand cutting of gems. Paintings are very vibrant and appealing. They embrace various topics like myths, legends, history and nature.

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