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Allahabad - Quick Facts

Area: 70.5 sq. km.
Population: 11, 17094
Altitude: 169 mtrs
Season: October to March
Clothing: Summer- Light cottons, Winter- Woolens
Rainfall: 34.15 mm
Language: Hindi, Urdu & English

Allahabad is the one of the sacred cities of Hinduism and also one of the oldest of India. Formerly called Prayag, in commemoration of a sacrifice by Lord Brahma, Allahabad stand at the confluence of the two of India's holiest rivers - the Ganga & the Yamuna. The Sangam as the confluence is called, is the venue of many sacred fairs & rituals, and attracts thousands of pilgrims throughout the year. This numbers swells to millions during the Kumbh Mela. A third Mythical Saraswati River, believed to flow underground towards the Sangam, gives the confluence its others name Triveni.

Akbar visited Prayag in 1575 and founded the new city by the name of Illahabad, which has now become become modern Allahabad. The city was an important cantonment during the British Raj and has some beautiful remnants of colonial architecture. In the early 20th century, Allahabad University was the foremost centre of learning in the country.

By Air
There is no air link in Allahabad. Nearest airport are Varanasi-147Kms, Lucknow-210 kms and Kanpur-224 kms.

By Rail
Allahabad is well connected by trains with all major cities of Uttar Pradesh.

By Road
Allahabad on National highway 2 and 27 is connected to all parts of country by good road Distance are

•        Agra - 433 km.
•        Ayodhya - 167 km.
•        Chitrakoot - 137 km.
•        Khajuraho - 294 km.
•        Lucknow - 204 km.
•        Varanasi - 125 km.

The confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Saraswati, The water of the two rivers are of different colours and their meeting point is visible. Boats are available for visitors.

The massive fort built by Akbar is presently used by the army and only a limited area is open to visitors. The magnificent outer wall is intact and rises above the waters edge. Visitors are allowed to see the Ashokan pillar and Saraswati Kup, a well said to be the source of the Saraswati River. The Patalpuri temple also is here. So is the much revered Akshay vat or immortal banyan tree.

Patalpuri Temple
Within this underground temple, inside the fort, lies the Akshaya Vat – or the immortal tree. Believed to have been visited by Lord Rama, the temple was also seen by the famous Chinese traveller and writer Hiuen Tsang during his visit to this place.

Ashoka Pillar
This gigantic Ashoka pillar, of polished sandstone stands 10.6 meters high, dating back to 232 B.C. The pillar has several edicts and a Persian inscription of Emperor Jahangir unscripted on it, commemorating his accession to the throne.

Akshaya Vat
The immortal tree within the Patalpuri temple, has found mention in the description of several ancient scriptures, writers and historians. The tree stands in a deep niche above an underground shaft, which is said to lead to Triveni. Visitors need permission to visit the Fort, Patalpuri Temple, Ashoka Pillar and Akshaya Vat from Commandant, Ordinance Depot, Fort, and Allahabad.

Hanuman Mandir
Near the Sangam, this temple is unique for its supine image of Hanuman. When the Ganga is in spate, this temple gates submerged.

Swaraj Bhawan
& Anand Bhawan
In 1930 Moti Lal Nehru donated this house to the nation, to use as the headquarters of the congress committee. Indira Gandhi was born here.

Anand Bhawan was the home of the Nehru Family. Today it has been turned into a fine museum. Many momentous decisions and events related to the freedom struggle took place here. There is also a Planetorium here.

Allahabad University
Still one of the famous universities in the country, it has a sprawling campus, graced by fine building in Victorian and Islamic architectural styles.

Allahabad Museum
The museum has a good collection of sculpture, especially of the Gupta era.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Park
Adjacent to the museum this splendid park was once known as company bagh. It has some fine colonial buildings, including a public library.

Patthar Girja or All saints Cathedral
This magnificient cathedral designed by Sir William Emerson is the finest of Allahabad’s many churches dating to colonial times. Its stands glass panels are particularly beautiful.

Khurso Bagh
A Lorge garden in which are located the Tombs of Khurso, son of Jahangir and Shah Begum.

9 km Approachable by road or boat, across the Ganga It has many temple and ashrams.

20 km an Archeological site with remains dating to 300 B.C.
40 km Sringverpur was the Kingdom of Nishadraj (King of Boatmen).Excavations here have revealed a temple of sringi rishi.O the bank of the Ganga theirs a platform Ramchaura-said to be the place where Lord Rama Stayed overnight while going to forest and his feet were washedby Nishadraj here before taking the Lord in his boat.

Tons River Aqueduct
43 km a popular picnic spot.

Upardaha Lake
44 km one of the protected lake of Uttarp Pradesh.

62 km traditionally associated with the Mahabharata, the city was also once great Buddhist centre. Lord Budha is believed to have visited Kaushambi twice to deliver discourses. The ruins of an ancient Fort bear witness to the antiquity of the place. There are also the remains of monastery.

69 km on the bank of the Ganga this provincial capital of the Mughals has many ruins. There are also two temples Shitala Mata Mandir and Kalmeshwar Mahadev ji.

The main shopping are in the city is civil lines which has the Gandhi Ashram and Gangotri, the U.P Handicrafts outlet. Allahabad is also famous for its guavas.

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